Functional Analysis of the Subunits of the Chromatin Assembly Factor RSF
ABSTRACT: The human ISWI-containing factor RSF (for remodeling and spacing factor) is composed of two subunits: the ATPase hSNF2H and p325 (Rsf-1), a protein encoded by a novel human gene. We previously showed that RSF mediates nucleosome deposition and generates regularly spaced nucleosome arrays. Here we report the characterization of the largest subunit of RSF, Rsf-1. We found that Rsf-1 is a highly acidic protein containing a plant homology domain. The present study includes the cloning of Rsf-1, the preparation of recombinant RSF, and the dissection of the role of each subunit in the chromatin assembly reaction. The sequence of the gene for Rsf-1 includes a recently characterized cDNA, HBXAP; postulated to be involved in the transcriptional regulation of the hepatitis B virus. HBXAP actually contains a 252-amino-acid truncation of the amino terminus of Rsf-1. Finally, comparison of HBXAP and Rsf-1 properties shows that they are functionally different.